10 abbreviations you should know

source: Learn English with Emma [engVid]2014年2月25日
quiz: :http://www.engvid.com/learn-english-a...
Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's video, we are going to talk about 10 abbreviations you should know.

So first of all, what is an abbreviation? Well, here's a clue in the word. You have the word "brev". "Brev" -- in other words, "brevity" -- it means to be short. So abbreviations are words or sentences that we have made short, usually to save time. So for example, ASAP, RSVP, RIP, BYOB, BBQ -- you see the pattern? We have capital letters, and they all stand for something that's longer. So it's a short form of a word or a sentence. So let's look at ten common abbreviations.

So the first one we have, "ASAP". What does this mean? "As soon as possible", okay? We use this a lot when we're writing emails, letters, sometimes in conversation. "As soon as possible" is long, so when we don't want to say "as soon as possible", we can shorten it to "ASAP". What are some examples? "Email me ASAP." "Take our quiz ASAP." "Go see the principal ASAP." So it just means to do something as quickly as you can. And this is a very common expression.

Our second abbreviation, "RSVP". What does it mean, "RSVP"? It means, "Please reply." Okay? So we often use this if you're invited to something. If, for example, I'm having a birthday party, and I want all of you to come, I would ask you to RSVP. "Please RSVP by Friday." This means, "Please reply. Please tell me you're coming by Friday." "Please RSVP as soon as you can." "Please RSVP by next Saturday." So it means, again, "Please send me a reply so I know you're coming." You, again, see this on invitations, any type of invite, you will see this.

Our next common abbreviation, RIP. You may have seen this before. It means, "Rest in peace." So when somebody passes away -- when somebody dies -- often on their tombstone, you'll see "RIP", which stands for, "Rest in peace". If you're on Facebook, and someone you know, maybe they lose a member of their family, they will often write, "RIP Fluffy" if it's a cat; "RIP whoever it is". And it means, "Rest in peace." Okay? So this one has to do with dying and death.

No. 4, "BYOB". This is common when we're talking about parties. And it means, "Bring your own beer" or "bring your own booze". Beer, booze -- they're both alcoholic drinks. So "booze" is any drink with alcohol in it. And so what that means is if you're invited to a party, maybe the host doesn't have any alcoholic drinks, so they will tell you, "Bring your own drinks." "Bring your own beer." "Bring your own wine." "BYOB" means "bring your own alcohol". Okay? So it's a very common expression for parties.

No. 5, "BBQ". "BBQ" means "barbecue". What's a "barbecue"? It's a way we cook meat. It's a way we cook food. You usually have a grill. You put maybe hamburgers, hot dogs on the grill. You barbecue them. You can eat barbecued chicken, different types of barbecue. So "BBQ" refers to a type of food or a party where they will serve hamburgers and hot dogs. So let's check out five more abbreviations.

Vocabulary FOOD and COOKING (upper intermediate and advanced) Lesson 11

source: MrSkypelessons     2015年4月22日

Boil / simmer (in the saucepan)
Fry (in the frying pan)
Bake / Roast (in the oven)
Put in / take out (the oven)
Put on/take off the hob
under the grill
Mix (the ingredients)
Stir (the sauce)
Pour (the mixture into a bowl)
Chop (the onions/carrots)
Peel (the potatoes)
Grate (the cheese)
Sprinkle (some herbs on the food)
Drain (rice in a sieve)

chopping board
baking tray
casserole dish
cheese grater

dip bread in your soup
heat/warm up
fills you up
eat out
wolf/gulp down
knock over
spill over
boil over
spit out
to bite off more than you can chew

scrambled eggs
burnt to a crisp
dripping with butter
beef and pork mince
Bay Leaves, dill, parsley