The Prefix Anti-

source: Simple English Videos    2016年11月8日
Learn about the English prefix anti-. Explore words like anticlockwise, anti-war, antispetic and understand the three meanings that commonly come with this prefix: the opposite, being against something and prevention.
This is another video in our ESL prefix and suffix playlist, designed to help you grow your English vocabulary fast and improve your IELTS, TOEFL and TOEIC scores. Click here for the playlist: (We'll be adding more videos regularly)
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CNN Student News - November 9, 2016 | Donald Trump elected 45th President of the United States

source: NEWS with Subtitles     2016年11月9日
Watch today's show for U.S. presidential election results, part of President-Elect Donald Trump's speech, and an explainer on how CNN makes projections.
The U.S. presidential election is front-and-center today on CNN Student News. Learn how President-Elect Donald Trump clinched the vote, hear what he said in his victory speech, and find out when Democratic Presidential Nominee Hillary Clinton conceded. Explanations on how CNN projects elections and how the makeup of Congress was shaping up are also featured this Wednesday.
Collection of videos by Student News:
Youtube channel:
Student News Anchor: Carl Azuz.

English in a Minute: Go the Extra Mile

source: VOA Learning English    2016年11月6日
# To go the extra mile: to make a special effort at something; to work very hard to reach a goal.
Originally published at -

Talking about presidential elections ( Improve your...

source: Learn English with Let's Talk    2016年11月9日
Blog: election-vocabulary-talking-about-presidential-elections

Members of an area who elect a representative to a legislative body.
Example - The MP is playing on his constituents' sense of regional identity to win votes.
She's pledged to help her elderly constituents.

The electorate is the body of persons entitled to vote in an election.
Example - In the United States, most citizens at least 18 years of age form the electorate.

Electoral College
A group of electors, chosen by the voters to formally elect the president.
Example - The Electoral College will dominate the airwaves and the headlines on Election Day Tuesday.

A bicameral system is a governing body with two houses. For the United States, these two houses refer to the Senate and the House of Representatives
Example- This bill requires bicameral approval to get passed.

The process of casting votes
Example - The polling for German elections was very chaotic.

one of a decided number of districts, each containing one polling area for voting purposes.

Direct Recording Electronic Voting Machine (Dre/ Evm)-
This system of voting is the most recent evolution. All the votes are stored in the Direct Recording Electronic machines through a smart-card.

Plurality/ Relative Majority-
When a candidate receives the maximum number of votes but less than the half of the total number of votes. This is different from absolute majority.
Example: Reuben is elected by plurality. Will he be able to become a leader of the masses?

BBC 6 Minute English | THE COMMUTE | English CC | Daily Listening

source: Daily Listening     2016年10月8日

0:04 Now Neil, how do you get to work?
0:06 I cycle.
0:07 I didn't know that!
0:08 Somehow I hadn't imagined you as a cyclist.
0:11 And where's all your bike gear?
0:13 Well, I sneak in the mornings, have a shower, and get changed.
0:16 That's my bike in the corner over there.
0:18 Oh, you've got a foldaway bike – which means it folds up so it's easy to carry or put away.Do
0:24 you wear lycra, Neil?
0:25 Yes, I do… it's very comfortable.
0:27 I wear lycra as often as I can.
0:30 Lycra by the way is a stretchy fabric used in tight-fitting sports clothes.
0:34 Well, I'll have to see if I can catch you on your way into the building – I'm intrigued
0:39 about this sporty Neil I didn't know about!
0:43 'Intrigued' means to be very interested in something.
0:45 Well, Alice, I'm flattered.
0:48 And today's show is about commuting – or travelling between your home and your work.
0:52 So how did you commute this morning, Alice?
0:54 I got the Tube – that's the subway system here in London, also known as the underground
1:00 – and it was a nightmare.
1:03 We stopped in a tunnel for so long that people started talking to each other.
1:07 And for those of you who aren't Londoners, that's unusual!
1:10 Do you ever talk to people on the train?
1:13 No.
1:14 People think you're crazy if you talk to strangers.
1:16 Well, maybe now's a good time to talk about today's quiz question, Alice.
1:20 What question do you have for me?
1:22 Alright then.
1:23 I know you like my questions, Neil.
1:25 So here we go: What did the word 'commuter' originally describe?
1:31 Was it someone who… a) travelled with other people?
1:35 b) paid a reduced fare to travel?
1:38 Or c) travelled by train to work?
1:40 Oh, that's easy.
1:41 I'm going to go for c) travelled by train to work.
1:45 Well, we'll find out later whether you're right or not.
1:48 Now let's listen to a commuter in Nairobi who takes a matatu to get to work.
1:54 These are minibuses used as shared taxis in East Africa.
1:58 Can you spot a word that means being quick to notice things going on around you?
2:04 When I'm stuck in the matatu there is a lot of strange things happen around you, so you
2:12 have to be alert in Nairobi.
2:13 When you open… when you leave your window open somebody can run away with your belongings.
2:20 You may be speaking… using the phone… somebody just snatch your phone… you may
2:26 expect the unexpected!
2:27 The word used by this commuter in Kenya is alert.
2:36 And in these noisy, crowded buses you need to be alert in case someone runs away with
2:40 your belongings – belongings are the things that you own.
2:44 Right.
2:45 Somebody might snatch your phone – snatch means to take something quickly.
2:50 Public transport in Nairobi sounds stressful!
2:52 If I was taking the bus I'd want to have a nap – or short sleep.
2:55 Yes.
2:56 Well, people have done research on commuting and stress levels – and interestingly women
3:02 are more likely to experience stress during their journey than men.
3:06 Why's that?
3:07 Well, they're more likely to do something which is being called 'trip chaining' – where
3:12 they make one or more stops on the way to work or going home – for example to drop
3:17 off or pick up the kids from school – and this makes it more likely that something will
3:21 go wrong with their journey.
3:23 Even if you aren't trip chaining it's no fun being stuck in a traffic jam – that's a
3:27 large number of vehicles close together moving slowly – or being packed into a crowded
3:32 train like sardines.
3:34 Let's face it – travelling by car or by public transport can be really miserable!
3:39 Yes.
3:40 Packed in like sardines describes people standing so close together that they can't move – like
3:45 fish in a can!
3:47 So let's hear how longer commutes can affect your health from US researcher Christine Hoehner.
3:56 My study found that adults who commuted longer distances from home to work were less physically
4:02 active, less physically fit, weighed more and had higher blood pressure than those people
4:07 who had shorter commutes.
4:10 The American researcher must be talking about commuters who aren't engaged in active travel,
4:15 mustn't she?
4:16 Because if you cycle a longer distance then you're being more physically active.
4:21 I think you're right, for once, Neil!
4:24 Yeah.
4:25 And I'd better start going to the gym more.
4:26 I don't like the sound of high blood pressure.
4:29 Why don't you hop on your bike, Alice?
4:31 Then we can both wear lycra to work.
4:34 That's a fantastic idea, Neil!
4:37 Moving on!
4:38 Here's the answer to today's quiz question.
4:41 I asked: What did the word 'commuter' originally describe?
4:45 Was it someone who… a) travelled with other people?
4:49 b) paid a reduced fare to travel?
4:52 Or c) travelled by train to work?
4:56 And I said c) travelled by train to work.
4:58 It must be right.
4:59 And you were wrong I'm afraid, Neil!
5:03 It's b) someone who paid a reduced fare to travel.
5:07 The Oxford Dictionary says the word 'commute' comes from Latin commutare, from com-'altogether'
5:13 + mutare 'to change'.
5:16 The word was used in the US in the 1840s, when people paid a reduced or commuted fare
5:22 to travel by rail from the suburbs into the city.
5:25 OK.
5:26 Can you tell us the words we heard today again, Alice?
5:28 Of course I can.
5:29 Here they are: foldaway bike
5:33 lycra intrigued
5:36 commuting the Tube
5:38 alert belongings
5:43 snatch nap
5:47 traffic jam packed in like sardines
5:51 commuted Well, that's the end of today's journey with
5:54 6 Minute English.

'Try to do' or 'Try doing'? Learn English with Simple English Videos

source: Simple English Videos    2015年4月29日
You can see this video with a clickable transcript at our video website:
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Slang in English - PISS

source: EnglishLessons4U - Learn English with Ronnie   2011年11月4日 "Don't take a piss." "Don't take the piss." What's the difference? Piss has many meanings in English! Learn some slang expressions you can use in a pub or at a party! Test your knowledge with the free quiz at

# I've got to take a piss. / I've gotta piss.
# to take the piss / to make fun of someone
# I'm pissed. / I'm drunk.
# Let's get pissed. / Let's go drinking.
# I'm pissed off. / It pisses me off when ...

Back down - Learn English Phrasal Verbs.

source: Twominute English     2013年8月28日
To 'back down' means to surrender. The meaning of this phrasal verb is to withdraw an argument or a statement. 'Back down' is to admit a defeat. In this English tutorial you will learn about the meaning and use of the phrasal verb 'back down'.
Some sentences with the idiom are highlighted at the end of the video. Practice them at the end to build your fluency.
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0:00 Welcome to Teaching you English through two-minute lessons.
0:06 In this lesson you will learn how to use the phrasal verb ‘back down’ in your conversations.
0:18 Hello everyone! Let’s learn about the phrasal verb ‘back down’.
0:23 Yes, Ruth. ‘Back down’ means to withdraw and to surrender, right?
0:28 Exactly. It means to admit that you are wrong and have been defeated.
0:33 Wasn’t there a movie called ‘Never back down’, Ruth? Did you watch it?
0:37 Oh yes! It was my favorite that year. The title ‘Never back down’ means ‘Never Surrender’!
0:44 That’s it! So, ‘back down’ means withdrawal from a previously held position especially when you face a stronger opponent or a superior power.
0:52 It also means to withdraw an argument, a proposal or maybe an opinion. Will you give us an example to show how this verb is used?
1:01 Sure. For example: ‘The sniper had to back down when the police surrounded him’.
1:07 Hmmm...Here’s another example: ‘The government had to back down on the decision to cut the trees,
1:13 after protests from the environmental activists’.
1:17 Alright, thank you for the example. How about some conversations now?
1:21 Sure Paul.
1:29 Carl, I heard there was a fight in the town hall yesterday?
1:33 Yeah, the bar owners were not willing to back down.
1:36 So, what happened?
1:38 Some people from the church got upset and pushed the opposition lawyer to the ground.
1:43 Man, that’s bad. This shouldn’t be the way.
1:47 You’re right but it worked! The bar owners backed down and promised to shut down the bar near the church!
1:58 How was your day, honey?
2:00 Not bad! How was yours?
2:02 Good! What about Jimmy’s case? Is he willing to back down?
2:06 Why should Jimmy back down?! It’s not his fault at all.
2:09 So, he did get faulty machinery, right?
2:13 Yes, the factory owner must back down and provide him full compensation.
2:23 Hey Robbie, let’s have a beer! It’s my birthday!
2:26 I’m fine with this juice, man. I quit drinking last year.
2:30 C’mon! Don’t back down now!
2:33 You back down. Carl. I’ve just said I don’t drink anymore!
2:37 Gee, alright! Go ahead and drink your juice then.
2:43 ‘Back down’ means to withdraw and to surrender.
2:51 The sniper had to back down when the police surrounded him.
3:00 The bar owners were not willing to back down
3:08 Is he willing to back down?
3:16 Why should Jimmy back down?
3:23 The factory owner must back down and provide him full compensation.
3:34 Don’t back down now!
3:40 You back down. Carl.

# Click this line for more grammar videos on phrasal verbs

Vocabulary - Immigrate, Emigrate, Migrate

source: Learn English with Emma [engVid]    2012年10月6日 Immigrate, emigrate or migrate? These three words look similar and have similar meanings. In this vocabulary lesson, I will explain the meanings and differences between these three commonly mixed-up words. Take a quiz on this lesson at:

Idioms in English - 'Hold'

source: JamesESL English Lessons (engVid)    2008年11月7日 There are many idioms and expressions in English that make use of the word 'hold'. In this lesson, I explain several of them.

How to form Question Tags?

source: Learn English with Let's Talk      2013年6月7日
Question tags are the short questions that we put on the end of sentences -- particularly in spoken English. There are lots of different question tags but the rules are not difficult to learn. In this video lesson Ceema explains, how to form a question tag -
Question tags can either be 'real' questions where you want to know the answer or simply asking for agreement when we already know the answer.
If the question tag is a real question we use rising intonation. Our tone of voice rises.
If we already know the answer we use falling intonation. Our tone of voice falls.

# If the main part of the sentence is positive, the question tag is negative. 
He's funny, isn't he?
You work in a bank, don't you?

# And if the main part of the sentence is negative, the question tag is positive.
She didn't finish her homework, did she?
She isn't coming, is she?

# Without auxiliary verbs: If the main part of the sentence doesn't have an auxiliary verb, the question tag uses an appropriate form of 'do'.
They speak fluent English, don't they?
We ran for hours in the park, didn't we?

# Relevant grammar videos: Tag questions

12 English Phrases for Talking about Movies

source: Espresso English     2012年11月25日
Learn 12 English phrases for talking about movies, with explanations of the vocabulary and new English words. Practice these spoken English phrases to help you speak fluent English!