What are Extreme Adjectives?

source: Learn English with Let's Talk   2015年3月28日
Link to quiz : http://www.learnex.in/what-are-extrem...
Adjectives are words that describe the qualities of something. Some adjectives in English are gradable - that means you can have different degrees or levels of that quality. For example, the weather can be a little cold, rather cold, very cold, or extremely cold.
Extreme adjectives or non-gradable adjectives are words that mean “extremely + adjective” – for example, “freezing” means “extremely cold.” The weather can’t be “a little bit freezing” or “very freezing” – because the word “freezing” itself automatically means “extremely cold.”

# Regular Adjective Extreme Adjective:
angry furious
bad awful, terrible, horrible
big huge, gigantic, giant
clean spotless
cold freezing
crowded packed
dirty filthy
funny hilarious
good wonderful, fantastic, excellent
hot boiling
hungry starving
interesting fascinating
old ancient
pretty gorgeous
scary terrifying
small tiny
surprising astounding
tired exhausted
ugly hideous

# Special Rules for Extreme Adjectives
1) No comparatives/superlatives.
With regular adjectives, we can use comparatives and superlatives to compare two or more things:
 My house is big.
 My neighbor’s house is bigger than mine.
 My parents’ house is the biggest house on the street.
With extreme adjectives, we don’t use comparatives and superlatives:
 My parents’ house is enormous.
 My parents’ house is more enormous / the most enormous.

2) Use different adverbs with extreme adjectives.
With regular adjectives, we can use these adverbs:
 a little, a bit, slightly, fairly, rather
 very, extremely, immensely, intensely, hugely
 I’m rather hungry. / I’m very hungry.
 This room is a bit dirty. / This room is extremely dirty.
 We’re a little tired. / We’re immensely tired.
With extreme adjectives, we CANNOT use these adverbs:
 I’m rather starving. / I’m extremely starving.

However, there are other adverbs we can use to give additional emphasis to the extreme adjective:
 absolutely
 completely
 utterly
 I’m absolutely furious.
 We’re completely exhausted.
 The movie was utterly terrifying.
The words pretty and really can be used with both regular and extreme adjectives:
 This room is pretty dirty. (regular)
 This room is pretty filthy. (extreme)
 The party is really crowded. (regular)
 The party is really packed. (extreme)

# Absolute Adjectives
Another type of extreme adjective is called an “absolute” adjective.
These are words that are either “yes or no.” For example, dead – you can’t be “a little bit dead” or “very dead” – either YES, you are dead, or NO, you’re not dead.

# relevant grammar videos: adjectives and adverbs