Phrasal Verbs and Idioms: Intermediate Level - Lesson 1.

source: Helena Daily English      2017年3月2日
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Multi-word verbs are verbs that combine with one or two particles (a preposition and/or an adverb), for example:
The letters BBC stand for British Broadcasting Corporation.
(verb + preposition)
This milk tastes awful. 1 think it’s gone off (verb + adverb)
She couldn't attend the meeting so Helen stood in for her.
(verb + adverb + preposition)

If the addition of the particle(s) changes the meaning of the verb in some way, it is usually called a phrasal verb, because it has an idiomatic meaning - the phrase means something different from its component parts.
► Phrasal Verbs EXAMPLE:
1. The engine keeps stopping.
cut out
►The engine keeps cutting out.
2. The survivors were rescued from the sea by helicopter.
pick up
►The survivors were picked up by helicopter.
3. Don’t touch it! It might explode!
blow up
►Don’t touch it! It might blow up!
4. He was arrested by the police for possessing drugs.
pick up
►He was picked up by the police for possessing drugs.
5. The police are ready for action in case there is trouble.
stand by
►The police are standing by in case there is trouble.
6. Someone entered our house illegally at the weekend.
break into
►Someone broke into our house at the weekend.
7. Our village was isolated by a snowstorm for a week,
cut off
►Our village was cut off by a snowstorm for a week.
8. He’s escaped from prison again.
break out
►He’s broken out of prison again.
9. The robbers succeeded in stealing over £100,000.
get away with
►The robbers got away with over £100.000.
10. I tried to stop the thief, but he escaped on a motorbike.
make off
► I tried to stop the thief, but he made off on a motorbike.