Using 'if' in English - Tutorials For Beginners

source: Twominute English   2014年3月20日
'If' is a conditional word. It is used to say that something will happen when, and only when, something else happens. In other words, it requires a condition to occur. Let's take a look at some conversations which will help us use the word 'if' in an appropriate way.
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0:11 Hello viewer!
0:12 ‘If’ is a very common word, often used in many conversations.
0:17 It gives the condition that something will happen only when something else happens.
0:23 This lesson shows you through some conversations, how to use ‘if’ correctly.
0:28 Practice the lines by pausing the video anywhere you want and repeating the lines.
0:34 To brush up on your vocabulary, have a look at the vocabulary section at the end.
0:39 Shall we get started then?
0:47 Hi Daniel. Do you know how to use the word ‘if’ correctly in English conversations?
0:53 I do know how to use ‘if’ in some sentences.
0:57 But sometimes it’s very confusing and I just can’t figure out when and where to use it.
1:02 I know some situations when we can use it.
1:06 Okay, like what?
1:08 Here’s an example: If you don’t drink water, you’ll die.
1:12 Okay, so I can say that if you stand in the rain, you’ll get wet, which is true and happens to me a lot.
1:21 Yeah, that’s right.
1:22 Let’s take another example, where ‘if’ can be used to talk about the possibility of something happening in the future.
1:28 You tell me this time.
1:30 Let me see… Okay, I know: if I were a millionaire, I would buy an airplane.
1:37 Yep, that’s correct. Great job!
1:40 I think ‘if’ is also used to join two conditions together in which the second condition depends on the first one.
1:48 That’s right, Daniel. For example, I won’t be hungry anymore if I eat a pizza.
1:54 Yes, in your example, there are two situations. Eating a pizza, and being hungry.
2:01 If you eat a pizza, then you won’t be hungry.
2:05 Okay, now let’s listen to some conversations.
2:14 Hey, you know what?
2:16 No. What?
2:18 If you eat an apple every day, it helps you fight sickness.
2:22 Yeah, I know that. But if I don’t eat an apple a day, will I die?
2:27 No, probably not. But I think it’s better if you do start eating an apple every day.
2:32 I don’t know. There are plenty of good things to eat than apples.
2:36 Yeah, you’re probably right. There are other fruits too.
2:40 I think you’ll be healthier if you eat any sort of fruits. Fruits are healthy.
2:46 That’s right, but I am going to eat apples because I like apples.
2:57 If you were given one billion dollars, what would you buy?
3:02 I would probably buy an expensive car, a house and an airplane.
3:08 And if I had some money left I would buy a farm.
3:12 Wow, that’s great!
3:13 So, what would you do If you got that much money?
3:17 I think I would help out my family first and then the poor, and if I still had money leftover, then I’ll use it for myself.
3:27 Wow. I would never do what you would do, if I had so much money.
3:32 Well, money changes people. But before we buy something, we should always think:
3:39 “what if I didn’t have this much money?”
3:43 So true!
3:51 Hey Jane. What happened?
3:52 Nothing. I failed my Spanish test.
3:56 Really. Didn’t you study?
3:58 I did. But only if would've studied more. I would’ve passed.
4:04 It’s ok. It’s just one test, and if you study really hard for the rest of the year, your Spanish will improve.
4:10 I really hope so because if I fail again, I won’t get a scholarship to Spain.
4:16 Don’t worry. I’ll help you with your Spanish if you help me with my math.
4:29 Find out the answer, or understand something.
4:32 You might want to figure out how you’re going to get home when your car isn’t working.
4:37 Or you might want to figure out how much it will cost to buy a new car!
4:45 Someone who has a lot of money, at least one million dollars, is called a millionaire.
4:51 I bet you’d like to be a millionaire!
4:58 Very costly. You need a lot of money to buy something expensive, but what’s expensive to one person may not be expensive to another.
5:07 You might think a Mercedes is an expensive car, but if you were a millionaire, you wouldn’t think it was so expensive.
5:15 I might think a $10 hamburger is expensive, and you might think that’s an average price.
5:23 I believe you learned something from watching this lesson.
5:25 We’ll be back with a new one tomorrow. Make sure you come back for it!
5:30 Hit that like button below to let us know your thoughts and subscribe to our channel for new lesson updates from us.
5:38 See you soon!

# relevant grammar videos: transition words for expressing condition