TIME CAPSULES | Daily Listening | English Subtitle

source: Daily Listening    2016年9月6日
A centuries old time capsule has been discovered in Massachusetts, US. It's thought to have been buried by American revolutionaries in 1795. Rob and Neil talk about what to include in a time capsule - a device used to keep the memory of a place in time alive.
Listen to the conversation and learn some new vocabulary.
Link of TIME CAPSULES | Daily Listening | English Subtitle: https://youtu.be/qdHcNcWXV04

0:02 I'm joined today, at the start of a brand new year, by Neil.
0:06 Hello, Rob!
0:07 I'm really looking forward to 2015, but I have to say that last year was great.
0:13 So great I'm thinking about creating my own time capsule.
0:17 Really?
0:18 A time capsule?
0:19 You mean a kind of box or container where you can store objects and information so that
0:23 people in the future - yourself included - will know how we lived at this particular time?
0:28 That's it!
0:30 And I'm already collecting items.
0:32 My old mobile phone which I don't use anymore.
0:35 And a woolly jumper with a snowman on it my granny gave me that I never wear...
0:39 You never wear?
0:41 It's a pretty silly jumper, Rob.
0:43 She said it's to remind me of how much she loves me.
0:46 Remind, which means, makes me remember - but all it makes me think of is that she still
0:51 treats me like a child!
0:54 I'll include the Christmas card which came with it!
0:57 Well, you've got to choose the items you wish to keep as a memory of our time very carefully.
1:02 It's a historical record - that usually means a piece of writing or a narrative of events
1:08 at a particular time.
1:09 Well, let's discuss time capsules and vocabulary related to memory.
1:13 But first, a question to test your knowledge of time capsules.
1:17 The International Time Capsule Society is based at Oglethorpe University in Atlanta,
1:22 in the US, and it studies these artefacts.
1:25 According to this organisation, how many time capsules are estimated to exist in the world
1:31 today?
1:32 Is it: a) up to 15,000
1:34 b) up to 150,000 or c) up to 1,500,000
1:40 I'm gonna go for (a) 15,000.
1:42 OK, up to 15,000.
1:46 That's the one.
1:47 OK.
1:48 Well, as usual, you'll have the answer to that question at the end of the programme.
1:50 Right, now, let's talk more about time capsules.
1:54 One of them was in the news in the last couple of weeks.
1:56 A capsule was found in a public building in Boston.
1:59 Ah, I've heard about this.
2:02 Historians believe it was put there by Samuel Adams and Paul Revere, and other American
2:07 revolutionaries in the 18th century!
2:09 OK.
2:10 Let's listen to BBC reporter Rajini Vaidyanathan.
2:12 Can you tell me exactly where this time capsule was hidden?
2:16 It was during repair work at the Massachusetts State House in Boston that the time capsule
2:21 was discovered hidden in the cornerstone.
2:23 It’s thought the time capsule was first placed there in the 1795, when the building
2:29 was constructed.
2:30 Officials believe it contains old coins and newspapers which could have deteriorated over
2:36 time.
2:37 Ah, the time capsule was hidden in the cornerstone, which is a stone representing the starting
2:42 place in the construction of a monumental building.
2:45 Usually it has the date carved on it.
2:47 Yes the time capsule's items date from over 200 years ago, so the historians are concerned
2:54 about opening it.
2:56 The newspapers particularly might have deteriorated, decayed or decomposed over time.
3:01 Paper doesn't last long.
3:02 But my old mobile phone - the one I'm going to put in my own time capsule - will be eternal,
3:08 it means it will exist forever!
3:09 And the historians of the future will be grateful!
3:12 Well, if you want to make the historians happy, put things which are current in your life
3:17 and things you actually use in your time capsule.
3:20 There are famous capsules to be opened: the American company Westinghouse created two
3:25 of them.
3:26 One for the 1939 New York World's Fair and the other for the same event in 1964.
3:32 And when are they going to open it?
3:34 In the 25th century!
3:36 Wow!
3:37 Well, that's it, Rob.
3:38 I'm going home and I'm going to start working on my own time capsule!
3:41 Good.
3:42 I'm glad to see you're so enthusiastic, Neil.
3:44 But be careful not to make the mistake these guys in the Writtle Junior School here in
3:49 England made.
3:50 They put their items in a box 25 years ago and they buried the capsule in the garden.
3:55 And what happened to it?
3:57 It isn't centuries later but it must be interesting for these people who are now adults to see
4:01 what's inside.
4:02 Well, it would have been interesting.
4:05 But it didn't happen.
4:07 Listen to Headteacher Nick Taylor and tell me why they didn't open their time capsule.
4:11 There were letters in it, coins, various things so we called in Writtle Heritage and they
4:18 had a good explore around the garden with their metal detectors, and they couldn't find
4:22 any evidence of it.
4:23 I think we’ve dug about three holes around our school garden but we had to stop because
4:26 we were slowly destroying it.
4:29 They forgot where they buried it!
4:31 Yes.
4:32 And they used metal detectors - electronic devices which can find metallic objects underground
4:36 - and even so they couldn't find their time capsule!
4:39 And before I forget, let's go back to the question I asked at the beginning of the programme.
4:44 You asked how many time capsules are estimated to exist in the world today.
4:49 Yes, and the options were up to 15,000, up to 150,000 or up to 1,500,000.
4:57 And you said...
4:58 Yes, I said up to 15,000.
5:00 And this is the right answer!
5:02 Hurrah!
5:03 Well done!
5:04 Yes, the International Time Capsule Society has set up a registry of time capsules, and
5:09 it estimates there are 10,000 to 15,000 time capsules worldwide.
5:14 And the organisation believes that more than 80% of all time capsules are lost and will
5:20 not be opened on their intended date.
5:22 Well, I will remember where I kept mine.
5:25 That's for sure.
5:26 Good for you.
5:27 Well, that's it from us for the moment.
5:28 We've been talking about time and... we've run out of it.
5:32 But let's just remember some of the words used today.
5:35 Neil... time capsule
5:37 remind historical record
5:40 cornerstone deteriorated
5:44 eternal metal detectors
5:47 That's it for today.
5:48 Do log on to bbclearningenglish.com to find more 6 Minute English programmes.
5:54 And we wish you all a Happy New Year!