Phrasal Verbs and Idioms: Intermediate Level - Lesson 2

source: Helena Daily English     2017年3月4日
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Multi-word verbs are verbs that combine with one or two particles (a preposition and/or an adverb), for example:
The letters BBC stand for British Broadcasting Corporation.
(verb + preposition)
This milk tastes awful. 1 think it’s gone off (verb + adverb)
She couldn't attend the meeting so Helen stood in for her.
(verb + adverb + preposition)
If the addition of the particle(s) changes the meaning of the verb in some way, it is usually called a phrasal verb, because it has an idiomatic meaning - the phrase means something different from its component parts.

► Phrasal Verbs EXAMPLE:
1. Can you extinguish that cigarette, please?
put out
►Can you put out that cigarette, please?
2. The alarm bell started ringing.
go off
►The alarm bell went off.
3. I shouted his name loudly but he didn’t hear me.
call out
►I called out his name but he didn’t hear me.
4. The police are investigating the accident.
look into
►The police are looking into the accident.
5. Come quickly – a fire has started!
break out
►Come quickly – a fire has broken out!
6. He experienced a lot of pain.
go through
►He went through a lot of pain.
7. He started the fire alarm by accident.
set off
►He set off the fire alarm by accident.
8. The government has said that tax cuts are not possible.
rule out
►The government has ruled out tax cuts.
9. The prisoners escaped through the window.
get out
►The prisoners got out through the window.
10. I think we should ask for the help of a doctor.
call in
►I think we should call in a doctor