Phrasal Verbs and Idioms: Intermediate Level - Lesson 4

source: Helena Daily English     2017年3月6日
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Multi-word verbs are verbs that combine with one or two particles (a preposition and/or an adverb), for example:
The letters BBC stand for British Broadcasting Corporation.
(verb + preposition)
This milk tastes awful. 1 think it’s gone off (verb + adverb)
She couldn't attend the meeting so Helen stood in for her.
(verb + adverb + preposition)
If the addition of the particle(s) changes the meaning of the verb in some way, it is usually called a phrasal verb, because it has an idiomatic meaning - the phrase means something different from its component parts.

► Phrasal Verbs EXAMPLE: 
1. Achoo! Oh dear. I think I’m starting to catch a cold.
(come down with) Achoo! Oh dear. I think I’m coming down with a cold.
2. I think 1 caught my cold from Jim.
(pick up) I think 1 picked up my cold from Jim.
3. It took me a week to recover from my last cold.
(get over) It took me a week to get over my last cold.
4. I really must reduce the amount I smoke.
(cut down on) I really must cut down on the amount I smoke.
5. I smoke 20 cigarettes a day.
(get through) I get through 20 cigarettes a day.
6. My weight has increased recently.
(put on) I’ve put on weight recently.
7. I must stop eating chips.
(cut out) I must cut out eating chips.
8. I’ve started playing golf as a hobby.
(take up) I’ve taken up golf as a hobby.
9. I think I’m going to faint.
(pass out) I think I’m going to pass out.
10. I recovered consciousness a few seconds later.
(come round) I came round a few seconds later.