Get your English in shape - Fitness English with Michelle

source: Learn English with Let's Talk    2017年3月5日

Fit - fitness is shortened to fit – refers to a person who is healthy

Bad shape - However, someone who gets out of breath running up the stairs might admit to being in bad shape

Toned - The word tone has to do with sound waves in music (tone) and something similar to exercise. Muscle tone has to do with how tight or lose muscles appear. Someone with good tone has those defined muscles. Someone with weak muscle tone does not have much strength. To say someone is toned is a more formal way to describe someone as muscular.

Abs – Abdomen is the belly area between your chest and hips, just below your navel. Abs is simply short for it.

Six pack abs- Here’s an idiom for you: six-pack abs. That means someone whose belly muscles are so well defined that his or her abs look like the top of a six-pack of soda (or beer). The muscles are so tight that they ripple.

Ripped - Ripped means very clear muscle definition.

Spare tyre- The fat around the side of your body is sometimes called a spare tire. In other words, you look like you are wearing a tire around your middle. If you are trying to lose weight, you might say you are trying to get rid of my spare tire.

Some Phrasal Verbs for exercising/ staying fit:
Warm up - At the beginning of your workout, you do stretching exercises to loosen tight muscles. These are called warm ups because you literally are warming your body. To do light exercise/ stretches before playing a sport or doing more intense exercise

I stretch before playing soccer. It’s important to warm up!

Cool down - At the end of the workout when you are very heated, you do more stretches to cool down your hot muscles

Workout– means physical training or exercise especially to improve your health/body – Joe works out nearly every day.

- He swims, runs or lifts weights.
Work off(something) – separable: to lose or get rid of something by exercising
Ben’s party was yesterday, and I ate a lot of ice cream. I need to go for a run today and work off the ice cream.

Workout gear- Your workout gear includes all the tools you need for your exercise.

Doing Pilates or yoga: your gear includes a mat. Doing weightlifting: your gear might be barbells. Playing tennis: you will need a racquet. A water bottle should always be part of your gear.

Reps/sets – (rep means repetitions - sets – groups) If you are going to repeat an exercise like a crunch, you are doing reps. Reps are just short for the word repeat. You might repeat an exercise 10 times, take a break, then do another ten. You might do two sets of ten reps. Sets just mean group.